Legendary American runner Steve Prefontaine once declared that "to give anything less than your best is to sacrifice the gift. The quadriceps pull the legs forward for fast bursts of running. It also helps prevent the initial muscle strain that often occurs when someone integrates standard sprinting into his program without preparing for it. Hamstrings Your hamstrings are located on the back of your leg. If you want to perform at your best when sprinting, you should understand the primary muscles used. Primary Muscles Used by Sprinters by Brian Willett Many lower body muscles work in harmony to propel you down the track during sprints. Knee Flexion The hamstring group on the back of each thigh also contains four muscles that are involved in various knee and hip movements.
Over time, your body naturally accommodates the style in which you train it. Add in slow supermans and GHD work, and really focus on the posterior chain in the gym. Furthermore, even general speed training will induce specific adaptations in the neuromuscular system i. What better way to do that than to get outside, leave the confines of the gym, and get your booty and abs out on the track. If you are training to run generally, your body may not have the elasticity it requires to sprint competitively. Twenty yards is sufficient and safer, too. Abdominal Speed Consider this: When ready, I highly recommend a good pair of spikes for sprint work. Hamstrings Your hamstrings are located on the back of your leg. First, high-intensity sprint work increases the rate of metabolism and, second, it makes it last. Strengthening your glutes can help improve sprint performance and can also help stave off conditions such as runner's knee, low back pain and iliotibial band syndrome. This will allow you to concentrate on strengthening these muscles and reaching your full potential as a sprinter. However, while in many ways sprinters and bodybuilders couldn't be more different, the fact is there's considerable overlap between the two disciplines and you can exploit this overlap in your pursuit of bigger, stronger legs. Sprinting requires power that involves numerous muscles -- and not just leg muscles -- that help you cover distances typically ranging from 60 to meters in the shortest possible time. Multiply this across several foot contacts during a sprint and you can see both the challenge and benefit that this type of training can bring for promoting tissue growth. Having strong abdominal muscles may help improve your speed and power. Pete Beach, Florida, United States Strength and Conditioning Tweet Why Sprint Training Is the Best Abdominal Workout There are so many great abdominal workouts out there and in the gym that are based around resistance training, but very few of these will give you the same overall results for tone, fitness, explosivity, speed, and the physique that sprinting does. The stronger the quads are, the faster your legs will pull your body forward -- and the faster you'll be able to sprint. Calves The calves comprise two muscles: A world-class sprinter covers meters in about 44 to 47 steps and the average person would probably cover that distance in about 57 to 60 steps. Many are very muscular and extremely lean, often without doing much resistance training work. Quadriceps Like your hamstrings, the quadriceps is a group of muscles that work together to perform a movement. Running is powered by the legs, hips and glutes, so training the same muscles with a focus on speed will prepare you for sprinting. These muscles raise the leg and propel the runner forward. Sprinting builds a strong low back and core.
Video about what muscles do sprinters use:
Sprinter Legs - Leg Training for Sprinters
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